Progress in Understanding
Since the end of the war, a growing movement has developed to demand action from the government of Japan. This movement has gained public awareness following publication in 1997 of Iris Chang's ground-breaking study of Japanese atrocities, The Rape of Nanking: the Forgotten Holocaust of WW II.
2010-Palisades Park, New Jersey--
A simple monument and plaque installed in memory of sex slaves kidnapped for rape by Japanese Imperial Army in WW II.
"In Memory of the more than 200,000 women and girls who were abducted by the armed forces of the government of Japan, 1930s-1945. Known as "comfort Women" they endured human rights violations that no peoples should leave un recognized. Let us never forget the horrors of crimes against humanity."
Two delegations of Japanese officials visited Palisades Park, N.J. demanding that local administrators remove this memorial from a public park. The attempt by foreign governments to influence local, US communities is abhorrent.
2012-Westbury New York--
A monument dedicated to the memory of Korean "comfort women" forced into sexual slavery during World War II was set up Saturday at the Veterans Memorial at Eisenhower Park in Westbury, New York.
The red granite monument symbolizes the hardship and blood of the comfort women, the Korean American Public Affairs Committee announced. Nassau County, which manages the memorial park, will also be in charge of maintaining the monument.
This is the second memorial of its kind in the U.S. following one in Palisades Park, a borough with a large Korean American population in New Jersey, in October 2010.
August 2012-Houston, Texas--
An advertisement titled "Do You Hear?" condemning the Japanese government for failing to apologize to women it subjected to sexual slavery during the World War II was set up on a highway billboard in Houston, Texas. The advertisement reads, "The Japanese government must sincerely apologize to the women and compensate them for their mental and physical suffering at once."
The Global Alliance supports memorial projects across the US.
`Sex slaves should be considered like Holocaust victims` As reported in the New York Times:
New York City Councilman Peter Koo is pursuing a second memorial for Korean comfort women in New York after the first installed in Palisades Park, New Jersey, the first of its kind outside Korea....
“Several months ago, the office of New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg asked me about this issue in detail,” he said, hinting at being under pressure through various channels. “(Such a move by Japan) will never affect the plan to erect a memorial and create the Street for Comfort Women. Plans to change the names of 25 streets in New York, including the Street for Comfort Women in Flushing, have been submitted, and Mayor Bloomberg will not be in a position to reject.”
A full-page ad in the New York Times appears with another photo of Germany's Chancellor Brandt. The text:
DO YOU REMEMBER...In 1917 German Chancellor Willy Brandt knelt down at the monument to the war victims in Warsaw, Poland to ask for forgiveness. This action became a symbol of Germany's sincere appeal for reconciliation to the rest of the world, greatly contributing to world peace.
The Japanese government needs to learn from German's actions.
The Japanese government must not waste a single day in offering its heartfelt apologies to the comfort women. Only then will it be able to contribute to peace in Northeast Asia.
Legislation enacted specifically demanding an apology and compensation from the government of Japan for WW II sex slavery crimes:
- U.S. Congressional Resolution HR 121 of 2007
- Canadian Parliament Motion 291 of 2007
- European Parliament Motion of 2007
- Philippine House Resolution 124 of 2007
- South Korean National Assembly Resolution of 2008
- Taiwan National Assembly Resolution of 2008
- ...and others
Excerpt from final report of the United Nations Human Rights Committee, ninety-fourth session, Geneva, October 2008:
(With respect to Japan)
"... 22. The Committee notes with concern that the State party has still not accepted its responsibility for the “comfort women” system during World War II, that perpetrators have not been prosecuted, that the compensation provided to victims is financed by private donations rather than public funds and is insufficient, that few history textbooks contain references to the “comfort women” issue, and that some politicians and mass media continue to defame victims or to deny the events. "The State party should accept legal responsibility and apologize unreservedly for the “comfort women” system in a way that is acceptable to the majority of victims and restores their dignity, prosecute perpetrators who are still alive, take immediate and effective legislative and administrative measures to adequately compensate all survivors as a matter of right, educate students and the general public about the issue, and to refute and sanction any attempts to defame victims or to deny the events."
We urge continuing study of the World War II in the Pacific by consulting many references:
Books, history references:
- Iris Chang: The Rape of Nanking
- James Bradley: Flags of Our Fathers, Fly Boys, Imperial
- Werner Gruhl: Imperial Japan's World War Two 1931-1945
- Hu Hua-ling and Zhang Lian-hong: The Undaunted Women
- Henry Kissinger, On China
- Peter Li: Japanese War Crimes
- Peter Calvocoressi, Guy Wint, John Pritchard, Second
- Lester Tenney, My Hitch In Hell
- Linda Holmes, Unjust Enrichment, Guests of the Emperor
- Ema Paris, Truth, Lies and History
- Eddie Fong, China Cowboy
- Rod Beattie, The Death Railway
- Ralph Modder, The Singapore Chinese Massacre
- Dai Sil Kim, Silence Broken: Korean Comfort Women
- Courtney Browne, Tojo The Last Banzai
- Shi Young, James Yin, The Rape of Nanking
- D. M. Giangreco, Hell to Pay
- Samuel Eliot Morison, The Rising Sun in the Pacific
- Capt. Ted Lawson, Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo
- Louis Stannard, China Diaries
- Richard Wuldrum, Gook Lover
- "Nanking! Nanking! (City of Life and Death)"
- "Iris Chang-The Rape of Nanking"
- "Lessons In The Blood"
- "Torn Memories of Nanking"
- "Men Behind The Sun"
- "Every Day is a Holiday"