The Global Alliance, a world-wide consortium, is dedicated to disclosing truthfully the facts about the Asia-Pacific War (1931-1945). Only by accurately reconstructing and carefully studying the history of this period can justice be restored to millions of victims of Imperial Japan's aggression, invasion, and occupation of mainland Asia and island nations of the Pacific.
We invite all to join this venture, to participate in this study, to honor the memory of the victims, and to seek peace, justice, and reconciliation among all nations of the Pacific.
A brief outline of Japan's aggression in mainland Asia:
1870s – Following the Meiji Restoration of 1868 and its modernization program, Japan tries to assert itself as a Western power in Asia. It attempts to coerce China into signing an “unequal” trade treaty following the Western model. China refuses.
1879 – Japan annexes the Ryukyu Islands, which up to this point, have been considered a tributary state of China. Its name is now changed to Okinawa and becomes part of the Japanese state thus extending Japan’s borders.
1895 – In the Treaty of Shimonoseki following the defeat of China in the First China-Japanese War 1894-95 over Korea, China cedes Taiwan and the Pescadores Islands to Japan. Taiwan remains under Japanese colonial rule for 50 years until the end of the war in 1945.
1905 – Russia’s defeat in the Russo-Japanese War (1904-05) leads to the cession of the Russian controlled South Manchurian Railroad to Japan adding to Japan’s growing influence in Northeast Asia.
1910 – Japan’s gradual inroads into Korea lead the Japanese to annex Korea, which is then subjected to harsh Japanese colonial rule for 35 years until 1945.
1914 – Taking advantage of Germany’s declaration of war in Europe, Japan declares war on Germany and sends troops to seize German properties in Shandong province in China proper.
1915 – The Japanese issue the infamous “21 Demands” on China to cede to Japan special rights in Manchuria and Inner Mongolia, and control of southeast China and the Yangtze valley.
1928 – On May 3 Japanese instigated an incident in Ji’nan, Shandong that leads to the Ji’nan Massacre in which over 4,000 people were killed by Japanese troops. Eventually over 30,000 invading Japanese troops enter and occupy Ji’nan, continuing the massacre, rape, and looting.
1931 – On September 18 the Japanese proceed to occupy Manchuria following the Mukden incident of 1931, which marks the beginning of the 14-year long brutal War of Resistance against Japan.
By 1930 Japan's rulers had devised a national plan of military expansion in Asia, and exploitation of China's resources. The Chinese were left with nothing to modernize their own society. Both Europe and the US had began to profit from trade with China.
In 1931 Japanese military aggression expanded in a fabricated incident that Japan alleged was started by Chinese thieves. The "Mukden Incident" became the excuse for Japan to occupy Manchuria, and to begin a murderous campaign of conquest in China. A six-year Japanese campaign of aerial bombing of civilian populations and use of chemical and biological weapons of mass destruction culminated with the Second China-Japanese War in 1937. In July of that year, Japan attacked Chinese forces in Beijing. They invaded Shanghai in August.
On December 13, marching west from Shanghai, Japanese forces entered Nanjing, the national capital city of China. So began the Japanese "Rape of Nanjing."
Before it was finally ended in August, 1945, Japan had achieved an unmatched record of barbarous warfare, killing and looting. Today, eight decades later, Japan shows no remorse and no contrition.